For toric IOLs, we need to select the best spherical power as well as the ideal toric step. What is the effect of WTR (with-the-rule) versus ATR (against-the-rule) astigmatism? What about the effect of the posterior cornea — should we measure it or use standardized values? Does placement of the phaco incision affect the outcome? What if the ideal toric power is between two steps? What if the toric IOL is not perfectly aligned with the corneal astigmatic meridian?
Click below to learn how to choose the best toric IOL step: